Rehabilitation - Essay Example The discussion in this paper focuses on the rehabilitation as the most efficient way of addressing crime compared to each of the other three methods. In this paper, rehabilitation is considered to be the most valuable rationalization of punishment since it does not concentrate more on punishing the offender but on reforming the offender to be useful to self and society (Duker and Malsch 1957). Through rehabilitation, it is clear that the obligation of the state is to assist those who fell short of societyâ€™s expected moral behavioral standards. The argument is that restoring a socially acceptable life for criminals through rehabilitation will enrich them with skills that can make them self dependent beyond the disadvantages of their constrained life that led to crime. This way, rehabilitation considers the offender and the society which is why it focuses on changing a person to become part of the society and contribute to its growth (Lippman 56). However, the process of making the offender to be part of the society is gradual as the penal system assists the offenders to secure jobs, and become valuable society members. The result is that there are lower crime rates compared to the use of retributive, incapacitation, deterrence, and restoration. Additionally, the implementation of rehabilitation ensures that criminals are off the streets while justice and revenge is granted on victims (Samaha 30). Other advantages of focusing on rehabilitation are that there is reduction in prison overcrowding which goes hand in hand with the reduction on federal spending. For the rehabilitated offender, there are very low chances that the person will resort to crime anymore and this avoids second or more times crime. Besides jobs skills, rehabilitation focuses on granting the offender skills to resolve conflicts, manage money, among other crucial life skills (Duker and Malsch 1958). On overall, rehabilitation results to increased access to safety for the
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